What is Lasik?
Lasik is the acronym used by Ophthalmologists for “Laser In-situ Keratomileusis”. Lasik is the procedure where the cornea is reshaped allowing light rays to focus more directly on the retina, thereby reducing or eliminating refractive errors. The Excimer Laser is so precise it is capable of removing extremely thin layers of corneal tissue without any damage to surrounding tissue. When the surgeon activates the laser’s beam, the Excimer Laser’s computer control allows precision reshaping of the cornea without damage or scarring to the cornea or surrounding tissue.
Use of the Lasik Procedure
The Lasik procedure has increased dramatically because of the following:
- Rapid Rehabilitation–clear vision within a short period of time
- No Pain
- The Ability to treat a broader range of visual problems Evaluation
Your desire for vision correction begins with a Free Consultation with one of the Doctors at Lakeshore Eye Physicians. At your initial consultation, you will be evaluated as to whether you are a candidate for Lasik or other vision correction procedures.
The following tests are done to be sure your cornea is suitable for corrective treatment:
- Cycloplegic laser refraction; necessary for the determination of refractive errors.
- A corneal topography, or map of the cornea, which aids Dr. Reinglass in the evaluation of your cornea.
- Corneal Pachymetry: a test that measures the thickness of your cornea.
- Slip Lamp examination of the fundus of your eye.
Patients are instructed not to wear their soft contact lenses prior to their consultation. Gas permeable or hard lenses should not be worn for one week prior to the consultation. Soft contact lenses should not be worn within 3 days of your procedure. Gas permeable and hard lenses should not be worn within 3 weeks of your procedure.
The Lasik Procedure
The day of the procedure
- Dress casually and comfortably. You will be asked to change into a surgical gown as our Excimer Laser is kept in a clean and sterile environmentally controlled surgical suite.
- Avoid wearing eye make-up before your procedure.
- Bring a friend or family member to accompany you home. Typically, vision will be a bit blurry at first and driving yourself home is not advised.
Your new Vision begins
- At the start of your procedure your eyes will be anesthetized with “eye drops”.
- An eyelid speculum will be positioned to hold your eyelids open to keep your eyes from blinking.
- A small suction ring is then placed around your anesthetized cornea to serve as a platform for the Microkeratome. (The Microkeratome is a precise motorized instrument, which creates a hinged flap of tissue on the center of the cornea, lifting it back to allow the Excimer Laser to reshape underlying tissue).
- You will be asked to look at a small light visible from the bottom of the microscope while the Excimer Laser reshapes your corneal tissue. This painless process lasts from seconds to minutes, depending on the amount of correction necessary.
- The corneal flap is then placed back into its original position where it begins to bond securely without the need of stitches.
- After your procedure, drops are placed into your eye to facilitate your healing process.
- Following your procedure you will taken to the recovery area for a few minutes, listen to important eye care instructions, be reexamined by your Doctor and then given additional eye drops to take home, and sunglasses for your protection.
- Typically, vision will be blurry at first. However, you will notice improved vision the following day.
- We recommend a restful evening and a good night’s sleep. During that time, your vision will be improving progressively.
The next day you will revisit with your Doctor at Lakeshore Eye Physicians for a post-op evaluation.