Disorders

Cataracts

What is a Cataract?

A Cataract is a clouding of the lens. It has been described as “looking through a dirty window”.Normally, the lens is transparent and clear. However, a Cataract develops because of age, disease, injury or a birth defect. The lens becomes cloudy, and loses its transparency and light rays pass through it with difficulty.

How do you treat a Cataract?

A qualified physician should remove a Cataract. Emulsification of the Cataract by high-frequency vibrations and removal of the particles by suction in one method. Another relies on a cold probe to freeze the Cataract, which then sticks to the probe making it easy to remove. The operation is safe and causes little pain. Local or general anesthesia is used and the operation takes less than an hour. Most patients return to a daily routine within a few days. 

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Glaucoma

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition in which the pressure of fluid in the eyeball is abnormally higher than the eye can tolerate over a long period of time.

What Causes Glaucoma?

It is caused by a buildup of the fluid --aqueous humor—that circulates within the eye. Since new fluid continues to enter the eye, joining the fluid already there, the pressure continues to rise.

Glaucoma Diagram Small

Click Diagram to Enlarge

Can Glaucoma damage my sight?

If untreated, yes. Elevated pressure in the eye can constrict the blood vessels that nourish the sensitive visual structures in the back of the eye. As the condition progresses, more nerve cells are damaged, and the range of vision becomes narrower. If left unchecked, this process can lead to total blindness.

How can I tell if I have Glaucoma?

Usually you can’t. Glaucoma is insidious; The vast majority of cases develop slowly a period of months or years. Damage can progress so slowly that the person is not aware of the gradual loss of sight. Some people do experience some symptoms: and these are important warnings that a thorough eye exam is needed. Difficulty in adjusting to dark rooms, loss of peripheral vision and blurred vision.

Who gets Glaucoma?

The risk of developing glaucoma increases with age; it usually occurs in people over 35 years of age. People at high risk include those with diabetes or those who have relatives with Glaucoma.

Can Glaucoma be cured?

Although glaucoma cannot be cured, in most cases it can be successfully controlled with the proper treatments. Eye drops are the most common form of treatment. Typically, eye drops must be used everyday. Depending on the medication prescribed for you, the dosage could be just one drop each day. 

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Crossed Eyes & Lazy Eye

Crossed Eyes or Lazy Eye occurs when the eyes do not work together to develop normal vision that fuses the image from each eye into one single image for the brain.

If you think your child may have a lazy eye or crossed eyes

Dr. Reinglass will diagnose your child and help correct the problem. Dr. Reinglass is a nationally recognized expert in the treatment of Lazy Eye and Crossed Eyes and other eye diseases in children. He has taught extensively on the topic at University of Illinois and Children's Memorial Hospital. 

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Dry Eye

What is Dry Eye?

Dry EyesDry eye is an irritation of the eye where patients experience a dry sensation, scratchy, burning, stinging and itching sensations within their eye.

What Causes Dry Eye?

There are a number of factors that can cause or contribute to dry eye. Aging, contact lenses, medications, your environment or arthritis. These are all factors that should be addressed by your physician.

Can dry eye be cured?

Artificial tears have provided a quick short term solution to dry eye.

Temporary Closure - Of the tear duct is accomplished by inserting a tiny plug to prevent tear drainage. Your own tears will bathe your eye for a longer time. During the duration of this process the plug with dissolve and wash away with your tears.

Long Term Closure - Involves the use of a non-dissolvable but removable plug to seal the tear duct. This procedure is painless and only takes a few minutes at your doctors office. 

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